What is an Anal Fissure?
An anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the lower rectum (anus). These tears are usually caused by trauma, such as straining during a bowel movement or a hard, dry stool passing through the anus. Anal fissures can also be caused by infections or medical conditions such as Crohn's disease.
What are the Symptoms of an Anal Fissure?
The most common symptom of an anal fissure is pain during and after a bowel movement. Other symptoms may include itching, bleeding, and a visible split in the skin around the anus.
How is an Anal Fissure Diagnosed?
The diagnosis of an anal fissure is usually made by visual inspection during a physical exam. Your doctor may also order tests to rule out other causes of your symptoms, such as an infection or a medical condition.
How is an Anal Fissure Treated?
The treatment for an anal fissure depends on the severity of the tear. Mild cases may be treated with topical medications or sitz baths. More severe cases may require surgery. Your doctor can help you decide on the best treatment plan for you. Find the best gastroenterological clinics here.